Destinations in Myanmar

Yangon
The Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon City
The City of Yangon was once the cleanest city in Asia, some even exaggerated as the Queen of the Cities. Singapore, in fact, was designed after studying how Yangon was built. more>>
Mandalay
The old fortress in Mandalay city
Mandalay is the historical old capital, a capital of Myanmar culture, Buddhist Sasana and Myanmar traditional arts and crafts, with the life span of one hundred and forty two years. more>>
Bagan
Old temples in Bagan city
The main tourist destination in Myanmar is Bagan, capital of the first Myanmar Empire; one of the richest archaeo-ogical sites in South-east Asia. more>>
Inle
Leg rowers from Inle Lake
Inle Lake is about 900 metres above sea-level and 22 km long and 10 km wide. Inle Lake, natural and unpolluted, is famous for its scenic beauty. more>>
Kyaikhtiyo
the Golden rock pagoda from Kyaikhtiyo
The Kyaikhtiyo pagoda is one of the most ancient and celebrated of all pagodas in Myanmar. It is situated in the vicinity of Kyaikhto township, Thaton district. more>>
Mrauk U
the old ruines of Mrauk U
A new tourist site, which is becoming increasingly more popular in recent years, is the old capital of Rakhine (Arakan) called Mrauk U. more>>
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About Myanmar

Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, is the Land of Human Origin. It is also recognized by the world as the Golden Land. You have to find out why.

Myanmar, officially Union Of Myanmar, also called Burma, Burmese Myanmar, or Pyidaungzu Myanmar Naingngandaw, is a country lying along the eastern coasts of the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea in southeast Asia.

The country covers an area of 677,000 square kilometers (261,228 square miles) ranging 936 kilometres (581 miles) from east to west and 2,051 kilometers (1,275 miles) from north to south, It is a land of hills and valleys and is rimmed in the north, east and west by mountain ranges forming a giant horseshoe. Enclosed within the mountain barriers are the flat lands of Ayeyarwaddy, Chindwin and Sittaung River valleys where most of the country's agricultural land and population are concentrated.

The length of contiguous frontier is 6,159 kilometres. The total length of Myanmar-Bangladesh boundary is 271 kilometres (168.7 miles). The total length of Myanmar-China boundary is 2,204 kilometres (1,370 miles); Myanmar-Thailand 2,107 kilometres (1,309.8 miles); Myanmar-India 1,338 kilometres (831.8 miles); and Myanmar-Laos 238 kilometres (147.9 miles).

As a whole, the location and topography of the country generated a diversity of climate conditions. Seasonal changes in the monsoon wind directions create summer, rainy and winter seasons. Extremes of temperature are rare. The directions of winds and depression bring rain, and although it is always heavy in the coastal areas during monsoon season, it seldom creates hardships. The Government is giving priority to the forest conservation and greening of nine arid districts in central Myanmar. 

Myanmar is endowed with a rich diversity of habitat types arising largely from its unusual ecological diversity. It is home to nearly 300 known mammal species, 300 reptiles and about 100 birds species, and a haven for about 7,000 species of plant life. Since Myanmar considers such a rich pool of bio diversity as an important national asset, the Government has drawn up strict regulations to protect its biological resources.

History

Myanmar has a long and complex history. Many peoples have lived in the region and the history began. The first identifiable civilization is that of the Mon. The Mon probably began migrating into the area in about 300 BC, and their first kingdom Suwarnabhumi, was founded around the port of Thaton in about 300 BC. The Pyu arrived in Myanmar in the 7th century and established city kingdoms at Binnaka, Mongamo, Sri Ksetra, and Halingyi. During this period, Myanmar was part of an overland trade route from China to India. By 849, the Burmans had founded a powerful kingdom centered on the city of Bagan and filled the void left by the Pyu. The kingdom grew in relative isolation until the reign of Anawrahta (1044 - 77) who successfully unified all of Myanmar by defeating the Mon city of Thaton in 1057.
After the collapse of Bagan authority, Myanmar was divided once again. The Burmans had restablished themselves at the city of Ava by 1364, where Bagan culture was revived and a great age of Burmese literature ensued. The kingdom lacked easily defendable borders, however, and was overrun by the Shan in 1527.
Surviors of the destruction of Ava eventually established a new kingdom centered on Taungoo in 1531 led by Tabinshwehti (reigned 1531-50), who once again unified most of Myanmar.
A popular Burmese leader named Alaungpaya drove the Bago forces out of northern Myanmar by 1753, and by 1759 he had once again conquered Bago and southern Myanmar while also regaining control of Manipur. He established his capital at Yangon.
States and Divisions of Myanmar
There are seven states and seven divisions in Myanmar.

States
Kachin
Kayah
Kayin
Chin
Mon
Rakhine
Shan
Divisions
Yangon
Mandalay
Sagaing
Magwe
Bago
Ayeyarwaddy
Thanintharyi

National Flag

Myanmar FlagThe dominating color of the national flag is red. The rectangular space at the upper left corner is blue. In it could be seen the figure of a paddy stalk and a pinion encircled by 14 white stars of uniform size. The paddy represents the peasants while the pinion stands for the workers who form the majority of the people in the country, 14 uniform white stars symbolize the equal status and union spirit of the 7 States and 7 Divisions that constitute the Union of Myanmar.
The white in the flag signifies purity; the red indicates bravery and upright nature of the people; and the blue stands as a symbol of peace and stability in the country.

Economy

Since late 1988, Myanmar has replaced the centrally planned economy to a more liberalized economic policy based on market-oriented system. In moving towards a more market oriented economy, Myanmar has more liberalized domestic and international trade, promoting the role of private sector and opening up to foreign investment. Foreign Investment Law, new Central Bank of Myanmar Law, Financial Institutions of Myanmar Law, and Myanmar Tourism Law have been enacted and Chambers of Commerce has been reactivated. Myanmar is richly endowed with renewable and non-renewable energy resources which are being exploited by the State sector with the participation of local and foreign investors. Agriculture remains the main sector of the economy and measures have been taken to increase productivity, diversification of crop patterns and revitalization of agriculture exports.

Myanmar Calendar

The Myanmar calendar subscribes to both the solar and lunar months, thus requiring an intercalary 30-day 13th month every second or third year. Therefore, the full moon days may change from one month to another in the usual calendar. The Myanmar months are :

Tagu

March/April

Kason

April/May

Nayon

May/June

Waso

June/July

Wagaung

July/August

Tawthalin

August/September

Thadingyut

September/October

Tazaungmone

October/November

Nadaw

November/December

Pyatho

December/January

Tabodwei

January/February

Tabaung

February/March

 

Real Visa on Arrival

Today immigration in Yangon announced that VOA facilities has been made available at Yangon International Airport effective 1 May 10. The official letter will be issued to all airlines latest by 3 May10. Details are as follows:
1) Tourist Visa
     - USD30
     - Valid for 28 days
     - 01 passport photo
2) Business Visa
     - USD40
     - Valid for 70 days
     - 01 passport photo
3) Transit Visa
     - USD18
     - Valid for 24 hours
     - 01 passport photo
4) Eligibility
     - All passengers with valid passports EXCEPT those listed on Myanmar Immigration
       "Black List".
5) Passport Validity
     - MUST be at least 6 months during stay in Myanmar
6) Fund
     - Single traveler must hold minimum USD300
     - Family must hold minimum USD600
7) Others
     - Child under age of 7 traveling with passport together with parent is exempted
       from Visa fee (FOC).

Courtesy of myanmartravelinformation.com - For more detailed information please visit www.myanmartravelinformation.com website.