Destinations in Myanmar

Yangon
The Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon City
The City of Yangon was once the cleanest city in Asia, some even exaggerated as the Queen of the Cities. Singapore, in fact, was designed after studying how Yangon was built. more>>
Mandalay
The old fortress in Mandalay city
Mandalay is the historical old capital, a capital of Myanmar culture, Buddhist Sasana and Myanmar traditional arts and crafts, with the life span of one hundred and forty two years. more>>
Bagan
Old temples in Bagan city
The main tourist destination in Myanmar is Bagan, capital of the first Myanmar Empire; one of the richest archaeo-ogical sites in South-east Asia. more>>
Inle
Leg rowers from Inle Lake
Inle Lake is about 900 metres above sea-level and 22 km long and 10 km wide. Inle Lake, natural and unpolluted, is famous for its scenic beauty. more>>
Kyaikhtiyo
the Golden rock pagoda from Kyaikhtiyo
The Kyaikhtiyo pagoda is one of the most ancient and celebrated of all pagodas in Myanmar. It is situated in the vicinity of Kyaikhto township, Thaton district. more>>
Mrauk U
the old ruines of Mrauk U
A new tourist site, which is becoming increasingly more popular in recent years, is the old capital of Rakhine (Arakan) called Mrauk U. more>>
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Mrauk U

The unique characteristics of the topography of Mrauk U are the tiers of hills and mountains running around it. Between them are natural passes through which access is easy. These natural passes were fenced with earth walls and stone walls thus forming a long line of defence walls aligned with hills and mountains. Between hills and mountains where the location was favorable, big dams and reservoirs were built to store water as well as to serve as water barriers (Kyon Pinlei). Water gates and sluices were installed systematically so that water flow could be regulated to supply water for public consumption and to rush it out to repulse the invaders. Even to day Mrauk U municipality enjoys the benefit of the water storage system of the old days. We cannot help but utter words of admiration and appreciation and express thanks to King Minbin of the Golden Period of Mrauk U for his farsightedness and ingenuity in town planning and defence system for future generations to enjoy welfare and security.

All along the hills and mountain ranges where there were strategic and main entries and existence of rivers and creeks, fortresses were built into the natural surroundings. At present "Kyaung Lei Don" Fortress of stone in its original condition can be witnessed to the northeast of "Ko Thaung Pahto Daw Gyi Pagoda".

King Minbin was a man of brain and brawn who paid special attention to the security and defence of his kingdom. Ancient Mrauk U City as it stands today testifies to it. He could assess and utilize for defence purpose the strengths and weaknesses of the geographical location and natural environment of his domains. As the kingdom occupied a narrow coastal strip with on open sea front and being criss-crossed by several rivers and creeks, these physical features were put to use for building security and defence.

Most ancient cities in Myanmar have normally three kinds of moat - shunt kyon, Nyun Kyon and Kyon Chauk defending them. But in the case of Mrauk U, there were two more types of moat namely Kyon Shin and Kyon Pinlei in addition to the usual three types. So Mrauk U was unique in her defence system for it was defended with 5 types of moat. Mrauk U is situated within the seacoast. It is encircled with a natural water system. Rivers and creeks are fed and activated by the ebb and flow of the tide. For defence purpose some bodies of natural water were drained off and land-filled, some were widened and extended, yet some were deepened so that water flow could be regulated to form Kyon Shin to obstruct the invaders.

City gates that provided entry into the city were built in accordance with their strategic importance. They are strong gates built of stone. Water gates and sluices built of the same material are in good condition till today. Contemporary of Kings Tabin Shwe Hti and Bayint Naung of Taungoo and Hamsawadi respectively, King Minbin ranked equal to them, in that he provided strong security and defence, and sufficient food storage for his people. His kingdom was a modern and developed kingdom of the time. He left a strong united, consolidated, prosperous and progressive kingdom for generation, of 49 successor kings after him who ruled and reigned for 354 years.
Mrauk U is the only site in Myanmar where there is an assemblage of many stone buildings.
The Rakhing king Minzawmon founded Mrauk-U in1433. A Deutsch man who visited Mrauk-U in the 16th century described it as one of the richest cities in Asia, and compared with Amsterdam and London in size and prosperity. Tour highlight include Kothaung Temple; it is the thousand of small Buddha bas-reliefs on the walls of which make the temple so interesting, Sakyamanaung Stupa, the bells reverts to a layered circular shape which is mounted a decorative umbrella, Mahabodi Shwegu Stupa; scenesf rom Jataka line( the past lives of Buddha have 550 Stories.) the inner side of the passage, and Pitakateik; Buddhist library, the monument's most distinguishing features are its five tiered roofline and beautifully.

 

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